Jacob Whipple’s spring wedding came off almost exactly how he had planned it for months. The décor, the clothing, the food and the locale all came together perfectly as he and the love of his life celebrated their nuptials. There was one no-show, however— one very important guest who had to cancel the previous November.
“The state didn’t show up—but everyone else did,” says Whipple.
The “state” in question is California, and Whipple, a Utahn, had planned to have his wedding there because his future spouse was a man. Until the passage of California’s Proposition 8 in November 2008, gay marriage had been legal in the Golden State. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints provided significant backing to help pass the measure, and this hit Whipple especially hard because he’d once been an active Mormon who served an LDS mission and attended Brigham Young University. When he came out as a gay man, however, the church turned him away.
“I was basically forced out of the church because of who I was,” Whipple says, “and then, years after that, here comes the church again trying to force their values down my throat. I felt like I had already fought that battle. I just wanted to tell them, ‘Quit chasing me down and get out of my life.’”
His old life chasing down his new life was what turned Whipple from someone who “was actively gay, but not an activist” into an accidental activist. Without forethought, his outrage became action, and he discovered it was much easier to let his voice be heard than he ever would have imagined.
The lesson in all of this? Don’t mess with the wedding plans of a gay man. 48 Hours
Whipple found out on the morning of Nov. 5, 2008, that Prop 8 had passed. Although he was initially despondent, Whipple became inspired by almost immediate protests at LDS temples in California. So, Whipple contacted the Salt Lake City Police Department, and after finding out how simply he could stage a rally and with no previous experience, he decided to organize one—a mere 48 hours later. Using primarily social media, text messages and e-mail blasts, he spread word of the protest. The gay community quickly seized upon the idea, followed by the local and national media and then the police department, who ordered a large security presence because of the expected crowd size.
Despite the advance buzz, Whipple still had no idea what to expect. “About 30 minutes before, when hardly anybody had showed up yet, I was saying to myself, ‘Oh my God, what did I start?’ I was thinking, ‘Am I going to hell for this?’”
Regardless of where Whipple ends up in the hereafter, 3,000 people showed up to his protest. It was an astounding number, given that the whole thing was thrown together by word of mouth in a couple of days by a virgin organizer. Protesters clogged downtown streets and essentially surrounded Temple Square, carrying signs and shouting slogans. Through it all, Whipple marveled that, “Even in red-as-hell Utah,” the crowd not only included the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community, but also straight and even LDS supporters.
Ten Months Later
That rally, and the days surrounding it, marked a high-water mark for Utah’s gay community in terms of visibility and voice. The momentum spilled over into 2009 when, in February, state Sen. Chris Buttars, R-West Jordan, unwittingly rallied the LGBT community when his homophobic comments were captured by a documentary filmmaker. “[Gays are] probably the greatest threat to America goin’ down I know of,” he was heard saying on film, and, “They’re the meanest buggers I’ve ever seen.”
The community response culminated in a party called “Buttars-palooza,” where the hundreds who turned out showed, in a humorous way, the gay community and its allies would not be passive.
But as the year progressed, Whipple noticed fewer and fewer numbers attending events he organized. “People would say, ‘I already did it once. Why do I have to do it again tonight?’”
Without the street protests as a drawing card, it became difficult to turn the November momentum into any substantive legislative victories.
The most prominent push in the Legislature was the Common Ground Initiative, a package of bills focusing on equality in areas like employment and housing that was supported by Equality Utah. The group said the bills were prompted by a statement from the LDS Church after the November elections that said the church “does not object to rights for same-sex couples regarding hospitalization and medical care, fair housing and employment rights, so long as these do not infringe on the integrity of the traditional family or the constitutional right of churches.”
The statement by the LDS Church momentarily gave the gay community a glimmer of hope. But during the legislative session, the church—which refused requests for an interview for this article—never specifically supported the Common Ground Initiative. Without the church’s vocal support, the bills had no chance on Capitol Hill.
Although none of those bills came close to passing, their mere introduction amounted to small victories because they actually received committee hearings. For political insiders and longtime activists, simply getting a hearing—even if one of them was with a Senate committee that included Buttars and other strongly conservative Republicans—was important. But for the casual observer, it could easily be seen as proof that change would never happen legislatively, and it could have sapped motivation to continue the fight.
It is not only frustrating on a state
level. On the national level, the election of President Barack Obama
and large Democratic majorities in both houses of Congress have failed
to repeal the “Don’t ask, don’t tell” policy in the military or the
Federal “Defense of Marriage Act” (DOMA), which states that marriage
can only be between a man and woman. Progress is being made, but it is
slow, with the biggest step being a mid-August statement from Obama
that he does not support DOMA.
The energy generated by the
November 2008 Proposition 8 rallies continued to wane—and it did not
help that Mike Thompson, executive director of Equality Utah, pulled up
stakes and moved to San Francisco in summer 2009. The group is
currently in the process of finding a new leader. Then, in July, a 3rd
District Court ruling refused to honor the parenting rights Gina
Edvalson had tried to create through a contract with her former lesbian
That same week, two gay men, Derek Jones (a City Weekly sales
rep) and his boyfriend Matt Aune were detained and removed from the LDS
Church-owned Main Street Plaza after, the men said, one kissed the
other on the cheek. The LDS Church argued the men were doing more than
innocently kissing, and their arrests had nothing to do with their
sexuality. The two men were cited for trespassing, although charges
were later dropped.
Just like in November, a protest was
planned, and once again it was organized quickly by alerting people
electronically. Instead of a march, this time a kiss-in was to be held
on the public right-of-way next to the LDS Temple Plaza. It seemed like
the perfect moment for the LGBT movement to regain some momentum, since
the same organization that strongly advocated for Prop. 8 in California
was now detaining gay men in Salt Lake City.
Except that the end result was about 100 people showed up.
it was inevitable. It’s hard to expect people to maintain a
revolutionary fervor 365 days a year when they have jobs and families.
Maybe it’s simply that things have moved from the protest stage to the
more nittygritty stage requiring lower-profile activities like holding
town-hall discussions about workplace discrimination or volunteering to
work on city council races. Maybe it’s because expectations have risen
so dramatically over the past few years that the gay-rights fight is no
longer about defense but is now focused on gaining rights. Maybe the
conversation about LGBT issues has evolved to the point where
fever-pitch emotions are no longer needed. Maybe there’s a sense of
inevitability about the way things will end up in the long run.
“It was at 9 a.m. on a Sunday,” Whipple says. “Mormons will get up that early, but the homos are lazy.”
Some 10 months after the heady days of November, the question arises: Where does Utah’s LGBT community stand as a result of what happened, and where is it headed?